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ID 34003
file
title alternative
-Janaika as a Negative Imperative Sentence : From a Pragmatic Point of View
creator
Kim, Jihee
subject
expression of a demand for recognition
speaker's assumption
invited inference
modality of assessment
negative imperative
認識要求表現
話し手の想定
誘導推論
評価のモダリティ
否定命令
NDC
Japanese
abstract
This article attempts to clarify under what conditions its function as a negative imperative is realized, by focusing on the fact that -janaika functions as a negative imperative sentence. We argue that -janaika functions as a demand for action under the following three conditions: (1) when the actor who brings about the present state is the second person; (2) when the alteration of the present state is controllable for the listener; and (3) when the listener's intention (or action) is contrary to the proposition, α or β, in the speaker's assumption “if α, then β", and when the listener's intention (or action) is alterable. As a negative imperative sentence, -janaika has a function that deters (or restrains) the listener's intention (or action). This function is, in large part, divided into type A and type B, depending on whether deterring (or restraining) the listener's current intention (or action) is to realize the intention in the utterance or to implement new action. Type A is a deterrence (or restraint) that enables both the speaker's assumption “if α, then β" and invited inference “if not α, then notβ" work effectively. Type B is a deterrence (or restraint) that directly affects the recognition of modality of assessment in the proposition β.
journal title
Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part. II, Arts and science education
issue
Issue 61
start page
245
end page
254
date of issued
2012-12-21
publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科
issn
1346-5554
ncid
SelfDOI
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Education
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