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ID 33999
file
title alternative
The Effect of Instruction on the Reading of Expository Texts : An Analysis of Retrospective Interviews
creator
Yoshidome, Fumio
subject
reading
retrospective interview
cohesion
coherence
conceptual map
読解
回想インタビュー
結束性
一貫性
概念マップ
NDC
Education
abstract
The present study aims to empirically and longitudinally investigate the effects of reading instructions on 14 Japanese EFL college students with respect to cohesion and coherence instruction. The students were given three reading comprehension tasks-writing protocol, the making of a story map and retrospective interview. Attempts were made to examine writing data and retrospective protocol data from the perspectives of cohesion understanding, cohesion noticing, coherence understanding and coherence noticing. The results indicate the following: (1) Cohesion understanding by and large was observed both among the experimental group and among the upper of the control group from retrospective data: (2) From cohesion noticing, the experimental group made use of meta-linguistic connective terms to explain the way they read the text, whereas the control group did not use cohesion noticing: (3) Coherence understanding was only observed in the two of the experimental groups. It seemed difficult for low level readers to read a text with knowledge of discourse structure: (4) From coherence noticing, there was a big difference between the two groups. The experimental group used connectives in the text to make it clear to construct meaning relations. The control group did not. These findings suggest that successive instructions enabled good readers to make use of information on conceptualizing textual features, and they also enabled low level readers to learn to cope with discourse texts.
journal title
Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part. II, Arts and science education
issue
Issue 61
start page
209
end page
217
date of issued
2012-12-21
publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科
issn
1346-5554
ncid
SelfDOI
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Education
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