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ID 33926
file
creator
Condon, Robert H.
Graham, William M.
Duarte, Carlos M.
Pitt, Kylie A.
Lucas, Cathy H.
Haddock, Steven H. D.
Sutherland, Kelly R.
Robinson, Kelly L.
Dawson, Michael N
Decker, Mary Beth
Mills, Claudia E.
Purcell, Jennifer E.
Malej, Alenka
Mianzan, Hermes
Gelcich, Stefan
Madin, Laurence P.
subject
bloom
media
jellyfish
salp
global synthesis
NDC
Zoology
abstract
During the past several decades, high numbers of gelatinous zooplankton species have been reported in many estuarine and coastal ecosystems. Coupled with media-driven public perception, a paradigm has evolved in which the global ocean ecosystems are thought to be heading toward being dominated by “nuisance" jellyfish. We question this current paradigm by presenting a broad overview of gelatinous zooplankton in a historical context to develop the hypothesis that population changes reflect the human-mediated alteration of global ocean ecosystems. To this end, we synthesize information related to the evolutionary context of contemporary gelatinous zooplankton blooms, the human frame of reference for changes in gelatinous zooplankton populations, and whether sufficient data are available to have established the paradigm. We conclude that the current paradigm in which it is believed that there has been a global increase in gelatinous zooplankton is unsubstantiated, and we develop a strategy for addressing the critical questions about long-term, human-related changes in the sea as they relate to gelatinous zooplankton blooms.
journal title
BioScience
volume
Volume 62
issue
Issue 2
start page
160
end page
169
date of issued
2012
publisher
American Institute of Biological Sciences
issn
0006-3568
ncid
publisher doi
language
eng
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
(c) 2012 by American Institute of Biological Sciences.
relation url
department
Graduate School of Biosphere Science



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