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ID 32043
file
creator
Poumanyvong, Phetkeo
Dhakal, Shobhakar
subject
Urbanization
Residential energy use
Residential CO2 emissions
Development stages
STIRPAT Model
NDC
Society
abstract
Despite several previous studies, the potential differential impact of urbanization on energy consumption and CO_2 emissions across stages of development has rarely been investigated. This paper attempts to fill this knowledge gap by examining the influence of urbanization on national residential energy use and emissions in low-, middle- and high-income countries. Using the Stochastic Impacts by Regression on Population, Affluence and Technology (STIRPAT)model and a sample of 88 countries for the period 1975-2005, interestingly, the results suggest that urbanization decreases residential energy use in the low-income countries, while it increases residential energy use in the high-income countries. In the middle-income countries, household energy consumption first falls and then rises with urbanization with a turning point at about 70%. Conversely, based on a sample of 80 countries over the same period, this study shows that urbanization increases residential emissions in the low- and middle-income countries, whereas the residential emissions of the high-income countries rise initially and decline subsequently with urbanization with a turning point at around 66%. These findings imply that urbanization brings with it both costs and benefits. These tradeoffs should be considered in future discussions of global energy and climate change policies.
journal title
IDEC DP2 Series
volume
Volume 2
issue
Issue 5
start page
1
end page
35
date of issued
2012-01
publisher
広島大学大学院国際協力研究科
SelfDOI
language
eng
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation
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