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ID 26097
file
title alternative
A Comparative Study on the Learning Form of Physical Education at Schools in Japan and China : From the perspective of organization
creator
Zhang, Hongyan
subject
learning form
Japan-China comparison
group learning
voluntary learning / Cooperative learning / exploratory learning
学習形態
日中の比較
グループ学習
「自主学習」・「協力学習」・「探求学習」
NDC
Education
Sports and physical training
abstract
By horizontally and vertically describing the change and tendency of the learning form observed recently in Japan and China, this study aims to examine that to what direction the learning form of physical education should be developed. Moreover, through the comparison between Japan and China, this study also aims at the implications which may benefit the reform in physical education at schools in China, particularly the substantiality and improvement of learning form. The following results are clarified. (1)Due to the influence by the changes of value, paradigm and subject (learning) content of school physical education, there have appeared a variety of learning form of physical education at schools both in Japan and China. (2) The concept of learning form itself has not been arranged well. The necessity for reconstruction of its classification and content is indispensable. (3) In China, class form as a learning form has a history of over 100 years, which is still strongly influential. Voluntary learning, cooperative learning, and exploratory learning, which are proposed in "Course Standard", are still at the developing stage. (4) The group study form of Japan is similar with that mentioned in Chinese "Course Standard", thus can be beneficial reference or inspiration for Chinese learning form. However, practical examination is needed because countries differentiate with education purpose and the condition of students. (5) Learning forms do not independently exist, but are interwoven with each other in terms of content and method. In addition, each direction of a learning form has its merits and demerits, which might affect a new learning form.
journal title
Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part. II, Arts and science education
issue
Issue 57
start page
325
end page
334
date of issued
2008-12-26
publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科
issn
1346-5554
ncid
SelfDOI
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Education
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