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ID 25720
file
title alternative
Toward the Semantic Representation of the Passive Construction
creator
NDC
English
abstract
The purpose of this paper is to argue that the conceptual structure of the be-passive construction as in (la) should be represented as in (lb):

(1) a. Bill_j was kicked by John.

b. [Event INCH([State BE([Event KICK([Thing JOHN], [Thing a])], [Place AT([Thing BILL_j] a)])])])]

The conceptual structure (lb) is isomorphic to that of the have- constructions with a passive sense (hereafter "have-passive") such as (2), as proposed in Inoue (1995):

(2) a. John had his savings wiped out.

b. John had his car break down.

The former structure is identical to the latter in that the subject NP is the goal to which Theme X moves, i.e. the place where an event as Theme ends.

Section 1 is devoted to a brief survey of the framework upon which the present study is based. The framework basically follows Jackendoff (1990) without the adoption of the 'Action tier'. Section 2 is made up of three subsections. Section 2.1. discusses what semantic characteristics differentiate the be-passive from the have-passive. Section 2.2. presents arguments for the structure (lb). Section 2.3. deals with a tentative formulation of the structural linking of conceptual structures to their syntactic structures without the 'Action tier' regarding the be and have passive constructions.

It follows from the discussion that if the present analysis is valid, the "affected" sense conveyed by be-passive, have-passive and adverbial on adjunct constructions comes from the common structure: [INCH ([ BE [EVENT], [AT([Y])])])]
journal title
Bulletin of the Faculty of Integrated Arts and Science, Hiroshima University. V, Studies in Language and Culture
volume
Volume 21
start page
187
end page
201
date of issued
1995-12-20
publisher
広島大学総合科学部
issn
0385-1494
ncid
SelfDOI
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences
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