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ID 18249
file
creator
Lumbantobing, Riris
subject
science elementary curriculum
textbooks
process skills
basic skills
integrated skills
Indonesia
Japan
NDC
Education
abstract
Enabling children to develop knowledge and ideas about nature by utilizing process skills has been a major objective of the elementary science in the Indonesian Curriculum 1994. The present research is carried out to investigate how the Indonesian and Japanese science curricula and textbooks set the process skills. The curricula were analyzed on the basis of substance of process skills. The textbooks were analyzed on the basis of basic skills and integrated skills involvement in their hands-on activity sections. Present research findings indicated that: (1) the objective of Indonesian Curriculum 1994 does not set the substance of process skills; (2) the objective of Japanese Curriculum 1998 sets the substance of process skills; (3) Indonesian textbooks primarily emphasize basic skills in all grade's levels; (4) Japanese textbooks emphasize basic skills in the 3rd grade and integrated skills in the 4th, 5th and 6th grades.
journal title
Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part. II, Arts and science education
issue
Issue 53
start page
31
end page
38
date of issued
2005-03-28
publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科
国立情報学研究所
issn
1346-5546
ncid
SelfDOI
language
eng
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Education
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