特別支援学校（肢体不自由）高等部における「ふしづくりの教育」の実践 : 重複障害を有する生徒を対象とした音楽科授業での「わらべうたあそび」の検討を通して
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A Practical Study on the Application of “Fushizukuri Education” in Special Needs Schools for Students with Physical Disabilities at the High School Level: Warabeuta in Music Class for Students with Multiple Disabilities
The current study examined methods for encouraging students with disabilities to actively engage in learning using the “Fushizukuri Education” method. We used a musical activity named Warabeuta in this educational method in music classes for students with multiple disabilities at the high school level, at a special needs school for students with physical disabilities. We examined students’ learning and growth by focusing on musical ability and generic competency.
Students enjoyed and actively engaged in Warabeuta. Based on the development of musical ability, the results revealed that students (1) used expanded rhythm and tones to compose short phrases, (2) changed their singing voice, and (3) improved their movement-based responses to the beat. Moreover, regarding the aspects linked with generic competency, we found that students (1) fulfilled their role of composing and singing short phrases in the activity, (2) paid attention to and listened carefully to other’s phrases and singing, and (3) made use of skills learned in the activity in everyday school life.
We believe that several factors were involved in students’ growth: (a) Warabeuta in this educational method was easy to perform for students with disabilities and brought a sense of achievement; (b) students could use their favorite words for composing and share the phrases with others; (c) students could enjoy this simple improvisational activity; and (d) teachers involved with the activity were able to enhance their students’ learning in and out of music class.