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ID 46752
本文ファイル
別タイトル
Helping Speakers to Gain a Deeper Understanding After Explanation when Speaking a Second Language
著者
楊 嘉寧
キーワード
explanation
second language
support method
他者説明
第二言語
支援方法
NDC
教育
抄録(英)
Recent studies have shown that giving an explanation improves the speaker’s comprehension when they use their mother tongue. However, this effect is insignificant when they use a second language (L2). This study explores an effective support method that aims to help L2 speakers to get a deeper understanding of the subject after explaining it to a peer. Twenty-nine Chinese international university students participated by reading a statistical dispersion text written in Japanese. They were then asked to explain the text in Japanese to their peer. The students were put into four groups for comparison: i.e., (1) the control group received no prompt before reading (n=10); (2) the content support group were given prompts before reading that aimed to provide an explanation of the contents (n=7); (3) the structural support group were given prompts before reading that aimed to provide a structured explanation (n=6); and (4) the content and structural support group were given prompts about content and structure (n=6). The results showed that methods (3) and (4) were more effective, while method (2) had a limited effect on improving understanding. A protocol analysis of the explanations showed that better explanations could be made under supportive conditions. These results demonstrate the necessity of providing support for L2 speakers to get a deeper understanding after explaining a concept to a peer.
掲載誌名
広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第一部, 学習開発関連領域
67号
開始ページ
47
終了ページ
55
出版年月日
2018-12-21
出版者
広島大学大学院教育学研究科
ISSN
1346-5546
NCID
言語
日本語
NII資源タイプ
紀要論文
広大資料タイプ
学内刊行物(紀要等)
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
著者版フラグ
publisher
部局名
教育学研究科
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