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ID 31357
本文ファイル
著者
Sakai, Toku
NDC
国防・軍事
抄録(英)
Since 1951, the U.S. military has been responsible for over 200,000 crimes and accidents and the deaths of over one thousand Japanese civilians. Because American personnel are granted partial extraterritorial rights, in most cases, the suspects are never arrested. In addition to the perception of the U.S. military as a danger to public safety, activities such as early morning/late night aviation exercises are viewed by local communities as negatively affecting their quality of life by contributing to noise pollution and environmental degradation. Despite the common assertion among Japanese and U.S. officials that the U.S. military presence in Japan is to help protect Japan, there exist many Japanese protest groups that publicly oppose the U.S. military presence. The Japanese media and press succinctly call this, "the U.S. base problem." Given that much of the "U.S. base problem" literature is focused on Okinawa, this research report aims to take a closer look at Marine Corps Air Base (MCAS) in Iwakuni city. By interviewing 18 anti-Iwakuni base activists living near MCAS Iwakuni, the activist's concerns, sentiments, and personal encounters with U.S. military personnel were understood and documented. The findings indicate that civilian concerns regarding MCAS Iwakuni could be grouped into three major themes (psychological, economical, cultural) and those themes were in turn compared with the civilian concerns documented in Okinawa. While 18 activists are not meant to represent all of Iwakuni city or any of the surrounding districts, they do represent a small but very important cross-section of Iwakuni city, Miyajima, Atadajima, and Hiroshima city. Moreover, their voices represent a side of the U.S. base problem in Iwakuni that is rarely, if ever, presented to the public at large.
掲載誌名
国際協力研究誌
17巻
2号
開始ページ
145
終了ページ
157
出版年月日
2011-03-31
出版者
広島大学大学院国際協力研究科
ISSN
1341-0903
NCID
SelfDOI
言語
英語
NII資源タイプ
紀要論文
広大資料タイプ
学内刊行物(紀要等)
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
著者版フラグ
publisher
部局名
国際協力研究科
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