Hydrogen release of catalyzed lithium aluminum hydride by a mechanochemical reaction
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Hydrogen absorbing materials
The effects of various catalysts on the H2 release characteristics of LiAlH4 were studied. It was established that the catalytic activity defined by the H2 desorption capacity by a mechanochemical reaction decreased in the series TiCl3>ZrCl4>VCl3>NiCl2>ZnCl2. Transition metal trialuminides Al3X (X=Ti, Zr, V, Ni) were prepared by the mechanochemical reaction of LiAlH4 and the metal chlorides, while the reaction of LiAlH4 and ZnCl2 yields Zn. The high catalytic activity was attributed to the lower percentage d-character and the electronegativity of those transition metals. The catalytic activity of Ni was also improved with decreasing the Ni particle size. Those catalysts were classified to two groups (1. TiCl3, ZrCl4, 2. VCl3, NiCl2, Ni, nano-Ni) from the viewpoint of the H2 desorption mechanism.
Journal of Alloys and Compounds
Elsevier Science S.A.
Copyright (c) 2007 Published by Elsevier B.V.