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Development of Agriculture and Rural - Urban Interaction in Former Zamindari Village- Dikhatpura
This paper discusses the recent socio-economic changes of Dikhatpura villages lies on the alluvial upland along the Chammbal river and located near Morena having its Tashil and District Headquarters, Madhya Pradesh. Dikhatpura is a medium size village with population of 852 in 1990, dominated by Jatav and Gujar. Data on the transformation of crop farming, animal rearing and villager's employment are collected by door-to-door survey in 1990. Until1 1951, Dikhatpura was a hamlet of Zamindari(land1ord) village and suffered from frequent drought and dacoit attacks. Consequent on the abolition of the Zamindari system in 1951, Jatav and Gujar became land-owning tillers. The main kharif crops were bajra and sorghum under the traditional rainfed farming. After the opening of canal irrigation in 1971, the marked oriented farming of wheat and mustard was introduced in rabi season and dairy farming developed newly. Consequently, kharif cropping are decreasing and the tradit.iona1 farming systems has been forsaking rapidly. On the other hand, non-agricultural workers(rai1way worker, service, driver, factory labour etc.) are increasing in number by influence of the economic growth of Morena and by the reservation system for the scheduled caste.