このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加
ID 30945
本文ファイル
別タイトル
Civil Disobedience by Soldiers : Selective Refusal and Desertion
著者
市川 ひろみ
NDC
平和学
抄録(英)
The aim of this article is to analyze military service refusal by a soldier and desertion by a soldier from the idea of civil disobedience.

In a democratic system, majority makes political decision but it does not mean that decisions are always right. Civil disobedience is a public act in violation of specific law and policy, which can never be accepted by one's conscience. It is an act to protest against existing "injustice" and a kind of political participation.

After World War II, it becomes obvious among international laws that the right to conscientious objection to military service should be guaranteed. However, it is controversial whether a deserter can also be regarded as conscientious objector and whether a selective refusal to a military order should be guaranteed for soldiers. Selective military service refusal is connected to the question of right and duty not to obey illegal or inhumane orders. According to international laws, each soldier must judge whether an order is legal or illegal by her/his self and decide to obey or disobey.

In Israel, Germany and the United Sates, we can see some soldiers refuse to obey orders, which they think illegal according to international laws. Soldiers, who ought to be obedient to any policies, are now practicing civil disobedience.
内容記述
冊子版でのページ数はpp.49-72
掲載誌名
広島平和科学
29巻
開始ページ
47
終了ページ
70
出版年月日
2007
出版者
広島大学平和科学研究センター
ISSN
0386-3565
NCID
SelfDOI
言語
日本語
NII資源タイプ
紀要論文
広大資料タイプ
学内刊行物(紀要等)
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
著者版フラグ
publisher
権利情報
Copyright (c) 2007 Institute for Peace Science, Hiroshima University
部局名
平和科学研究センター
他の一覧