国際教育協力派遣専門家に関する一考察 : JICA派遣教育専門家に対するアンケート調査の分析から <研究論文>
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A Study on Experts Dispatched for International Cooperation in Education : An Analysis of a Questionnaire Survey on JICA Experts <Articles>
Dispatching technical experts to developing countries has been one of the major modalities in Japanese technical cooperation. The quality of experts in terms of social and language skills as well as understanding of the country assigned, not to mention expertise in the specialized field, is a crucial factor for the success in international development cooperation. This study therefore is aimed to draw lessons, by means of questionnaire survey, from the experience of those experts who have been sent to developing countries for educational cooperation.
158 education experts have been sent to developing countries for JICA's educational assistance since 1989, constituting approximately l% of the total number of JICA experts dispatched during the same period. However their proportion as well as absolute number has been constantly increasing recently. It is notable that more than 60% of the experts were university professors, mostly those of national universities. In this study, questionnaires were sent to 124 former and currently working experts who could be traced, of which 79 were collected and analyzed. Summarized below are findings derived from the survey together with some suggestions for the improvement of Japanese development cooperation in education.
1. In order to meet growing demands for experts in educational cooperation, it is essential to secure more experts who have appropriate skills and knowledge for international cooperation in education.
2. All experts had not been necessarily well prepared before being dispatched to the country assigned in terms of the understanding of their roles in the country, knowledge about educational conditions in the country and so on. Besides further improvement of briefing by JICA itself, CICE should also create some support systems for experts to be sent.
3. Evaluation and monitoring of experts in one form or another will be required in order to improve the quality of their activities. An appropriate system should be further developed.
4. The fact that the majority of experts from universities were recruited depending upon private networks suggests a necessity for the development of a more systematic recruitment system.
5. Participation in international cooperation in education is not duly evaluated as an achievement of university professors, whereas those who have been dispatched very much appreciate their experience as being useful and meaningful for their educational and research activities. Further effort should be made, on the part of the Ministry of Education and university authorities as well as university professors, to recognize international cooperation as one of the primary roles of university.