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A study for the Process of Make a Political and Social Issue of the Japanese Scholarship System: From the Viewpoint of Social Constructionism
著者
白川 優治
NDC
教育
抄録(英)
This paper seeks to reveal the process by which the scholarship system in Japan became a political and social issue. In 2017, the new national grant scholarship program for university students was approved by the Diet. This was an historical change of the national scholarship system because it had consisted of only loan programs since it was established more than 70 years earlier. This research uses the method of social constructionism and analyzes 22,008 articles from the 5 national newspapers between 2004 and 2017. After classifying the objects, it became evident that social and political views of the scholarship system had several shifts during the previous 14 years.
Before the decade of the 2010s, the Ministry of Finance and the Board of Audit criticized the Japan Student Services Organization (JASSO), the administrative agency of national scholarship system, about increasing the delay of student loan repayments. This was a widely debated point at that time. Therefore, JASSO introduced a new and a more stringent policy and administration for loan scholarship system.
After in decade of the 2010s, national newspapers criticized JASSO’s new collection policy from the perspective of young, low income university graduates and the structural problem of a loan only scholarship system, Newspapers also repeatedly reported on social practices for loan repayment relief for the recent graduates, repayment of their loans. This constructed social view points at that time.
In 2016, an election of the House Councilors was held, and it was the first time after extension of the suffrage to 18 and 19 years old youth. In the election, all political parties insisted on the need for a new grant scholarship program. The scholarship system was constructed as a political view point at that time.
The historical change in national scholarship was realized by these shifts of social and political view points.
内容記述
本研究は,日本学術振興会科学研究費(課題番号15K04346)による研究成果の一部である。
掲載誌名
大学論集
50号
開始ページ
33
終了ページ
48
出版年月日
2018-03
出版者
広島大学高等教育研究開発センター
ISSN
0302-0142
NCID
言語
日本語
NII資源タイプ
紀要論文
広大資料タイプ
学内刊行物(紀要等)
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
著者版フラグ
publisher
権利情報
Copyright (c) 2018 by Author
部局名
高等教育研究開発センター
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