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ID 42914
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別タイトル
The Philosophical Foundation of Steiner's Educational Thought (4) :Hegel's Epistemology Directed to the Acquisition of 'Spirit' and 'Freedom' (Part 2)
著者
衛藤 吉則 大学院文学研究科 広大研究者総覧
NDC
西洋哲学
抄録(英)
This thesis aims to clarify the structure of Hegel's epistemology as the foundation of Steiner's educational thought. According to Steiner, Hegel is a "philosopher of Goethe's worldview", as he systematized Goethe's metamorphosis theory in philosophy. However, while Goethe limited his theory of metamorphosis to the elucidation of natural processes, Steiner and Hegel applied it to the whole universe including human spirit, and explained it as a transformation process of thought. Moreover, for Hegel and Steiner, the dynamic worldview connecting such ideals and reality also functions as a theory on liberty. In other words, we aim to rise from a "freedomless way of life" relying on external objects and low dimensional senses to a spiritual ideal world. However, Hegel's theory was not sufficient for Steiner. Steiner disagreed with some of Hegel's concepts as follows: "a view of the state" set as the highest form of morality beyond the freedom of individuals, the "absolute spirit" defined as guiding history beyond human activity, and "the abstractness of the theory" based only on philosophical maneuvering deviated from human concrete reality. Steiner considered the freedom of spirit to be attributed to a vivid individual personality, which differed from Hegel who believed that the ultimate principle is "absolute spirit" and the ideal community framework is "one racial and ethnic nation". Thus, for Steiner, Hegelian external and transcendental abstract provisions were unacceptable.
掲載誌名
HABITUS
21巻
開始ページ
17
終了ページ
26
出版年月日
2017-03-23
出版者
西日本応用倫理学研究会
ISSN
2186-7909
言語
日本語
NII資源タイプ
学術雑誌論文
広大資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
DCMIタイプ
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application/pdf
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部局名
文学研究科
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