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ID 39834
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Ontology and Experience : The Method of Kant' s Metaphysics of Nature
著者
嶋崎 太一
NDC
西洋哲学
抄録(英)
The aim of this article is to clarify the role of the "empirical concept of matter" in Kant's plan of metaphysics of nature by considering the background in the history of philosophy and science. Kant divides metaphysics of nature into "transcendental part", or general metaphysics, which is also called ontology, and special metaphysical natural science called "metaphysics of corporeal nature", for which the empirical concept of matter is required as its ground. Kant explains that metaphysics of nature must contain the metaphysical foundations of "concept of motion, of impenetrability (the filling of space), of inertia, and so on", to make possible the application of mathematics to natural science. This concept is a bridge between general and special (corporeal nature's) metaphysics. For it is by adding this empirical concept to the general, "transcendental" principle (for example, "all change has cause") that we obtain the concrete, "(special) metaphysical" one, such as the proposition "all change (of states of matter) has an external cause", from the mechanics chapter of Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science as the third law (proposition 3). It is important to acknowledge the difference that Kant treats the laws of mechanics as propositions (for which demonstration is required), while Newton's laws of motion were axioms (from which many propositions are demonstrated). But Kant sees a certain metaphysical postulate even in Newton's mathematical and experimental position. He says that Newton must have had metaphysical views of matter in mind, otherwise he could not argue for a universal property of matter such as gravitation. His intention is to lay further foundations for Newton's tacit postulate. The empirical concept of matter is a task for which the metaphysical foundations must be established, which is the ground of such application of mathematics as Newton attempted.
掲載誌名
HABITUS
20巻
開始ページ
31
終了ページ
50
出版年月日
2016-03-18
出版者
西日本応用倫理学研究会
ISSN
2186-7909
言語
日本語
NII資源タイプ
学術雑誌論文
広大資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
DCMIタイプ
text
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application/pdf
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文学研究科
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