HiroshimaJSchEduc_21_25.pdf 741 KB
Study support for an elementary school child who has difficulty with solving ratio word problems.
This study is a case report of the cognitive counseling for a child who has difficulty with solving ratio word problems. The child in this study was a girl of an elementary school sixth grader. It was difficult for her to solve ratio problems in arithmetic, so she often made careless mistakes through the process of solving. To support her learning, we supported her on ratio word problems solving processes by using diagrams, and urged her to use diagrams spontaneously. The second support point, we helped her use a lesson induction to reduce her careless mistakes in learning. Our assistance resulted in the improvement of her performance in ratio word problems solving and careless mistake of calculation, but she did not used diagrams spontaneously in ratio word problems solving because she solved the problem by using her teacher's strategy that was not using diagram. This study, we could not support enough for her to integrate the strategy with diagram and the usual strategy. In the future, to establish the integrated both strategies and use it in the learning situation for her is the problem which now confront us.