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ID 43412
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別タイトル
Prohibitions on the Use of Specific Weapons and Development of the Principle of Unnecessary Suffering: a Review of Treaty Practices that Forbid Specific Weapons based on the Principle until 1945
著者
石神 輝雄
NDC
法律
抄録(英)
This paper examines whether a principle of unnecessary suffering exists with legal meaning as an independent, binding norm in international humanitarian law. Further, the legal impacts as such, and its legal status in relation to conventional prohibitive rules on specific weapons are investigated. These legal matters are explored through examinations of the treaties signed before World War II that forbids specific weapons based on this principle. The principle of unnecessary suffering, which forbids employment of weapons, projectiles and materials and methods of warfare of a nature that would cause superfluous injury or unnecessary suffering is a well-established and longstanding principle of international humanitarian law. The principle has not only stood as a cardinal principle in international humanitarian law but also represented a law of humanity itself. However, the principle has been criticized for lack of clear definition regarding what constitutes “unnecessary” and for what purpose. Because of its vagueness, some argue that the principle is hollow and lacks legal meaning as an enforceable rule, as it does not entail a specific ban or restrictions on weapons through conventional stipulations. This paper contends that the general principle has legal impact in three ways: (1) its mutual complementary legal character toward specific ban approach, (2) the existence of a legal rule forbidding certain weapons in the form of customary law and (3) providing a legal
basis for an analogic approach to prohibiting certain weapons in international humanitarian law.
掲載誌名
廣島法學
40巻
3号
開始ページ
232
終了ページ
207
出版年月日
2017-01-13
出版者
広島大学法学会
ISSN
0386-5010
NCID
言語
日本語
NII資源タイプ
紀要論文
広大資料タイプ
学内刊行物(紀要等)
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
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publisher
権利情報
許可なく複製・転載することを禁じる。
部局名
社会科学研究科
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