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A Study of Rāmānuja’s Theology : Three Aspects of viśiṣṭatva of Brahman
著者
石元 公貴
NDC
東洋思想
抄録(英)
Rāmānuja (1017-1137) is known as a philosopher who tried to harmonize the Vedānta philosophy with Vaiṣṇava theology. In later times his theory came to be called viśiṣṭādvaitavāda ‘qualified monisim’, since, in his view, Brahman is supposed to be qualified by three real factors: specifiers or differentiators (viśeṣa), auspicious qualities (kalyāṇaguṇa), and a twofold body (śarīra, spiritual and physical). The present paper aims at considering Rāmānuja's concept that Brahman has the qualifiers (viśiṣṭatva ‘the status of being qualified’).  

(1) Rāmānuja accepts three kinds of valid means of knowledge (pramāṇa): perception (pratyakṣa), inference (anumāna), and scriptures (śruti). According to him, they have as their objects entities which have their differentiators. If Brahman were devoid of the differentiators, it could not be known at all. Accordingly, it follows that Brahman is qualified by its differentiators.  

(2) The Vedic scriptures (Upaniṣads) do not teach us Brahman without differentiators. Certainly, Brahman is defined as nirguṇa ‘quality-less' there. But what is meant by the word nirguṇa is that Brahman is devoid of qualities to be abandoned (heyaguṇa). Many Vedic scriptures, on the contrary, say that Brahman has the property of being omniscient. Therefore it cannot be denied that Brahman is qualified by its own differentiators and that it has auspicious qualities.  

(3) The qualifiers of Brahman are real. Spiritual and physical entities exist in reality as the body of Brahman. The body is different from Brahman. The two, however, are inseparably connected. In a sense they are identical (eka) with each other and in another sense they are distinct (bheda) from each other. Thus Brahman is said to be qualified by the body.  

It is important to note that Rāmānuja's Vaiṣṇava theology demands for him to develop the theory that Brahman and its qualifiers are equally real, that is, the theory of viśiṣṭādvaitavāda.
内容記述
広島大学比較論理学プロジェクト研究センター研究成果報告書(2014年度)
掲載誌名
比較論理学研究
12号
開始ページ
159
終了ページ
182
出版年月日
2015-03-25
出版者
広島大学比較論理学プロジェクト研究センター
ISSN
1880-6376
NCID
言語
日本語
NII資源タイプ
紀要論文
広大資料タイプ
学内刊行物(紀要等)
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
著者版フラグ
publisher
部局名
文学研究科
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