発展途上国の理数科教育開発に関する基礎的研究 : アジア諸国の理数科達成と学校のクオリティに関わる問題点を中心に
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A Base Study on International Cooperation in Science and Mathematics Education : The Science Achievement and the Quality of School in Asia
The purpose of this study is to consider what kind of factor affects on the science and mathematics achievement in developing countries, especially in Asia. All Asia countries are not necessary to be getting economic growth. There are three main educational factors that relate to economic state. (1) The quality of school, (2) Gender, and (3) Textbooks. The effects of these factors on the science and mathematics achievement are different between advanced countries (e.g. Japan) and developing countries (e.g. India.)
Asia countries have their own historical, religional, social, and cultural background in education. It is required for effective international cooperation in education to be consistent with the worldview of developing countries, not that of advanced countries. Also it is needed to make detail investigation about concrete and practical problems of science and mathematics education in developing countries. East Asia countries, which experienced rapid economic growth with science and technology development, are useful example for international cooperation in education, especially in science and mathematics education.
Lastly, it is suggested that science and mathematics education should be major domain in international cooperation in education and have many interdisciplinary issues for educational development.
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