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ID 28506
本文ファイル
著者
Senbil, Metin
キーワード
urban transportation
developing country
sustainability
environment
capacity
capacity development
individual capacity
NDC
運輸・交通
抄録(英)
To make urban transport sustainable, effective and efficient, first and foremost, there is a need for capacity development-capacity is defined as the ability to deal with problems in efficient and effective ways-in developing countries. Apart from many important capacity related problems such as lack of adequate infrastructure, older vehicle population, etc., policy makers in developing countries have to consider changing individual behavior to realize sustainable urban transportation policies. Assuming individual capacity as the effect of attitudes-personal ideas and opinions-on the travel behavior, we incorporate individual capacity into a travel demand model-Bivariate Binary Probit model of private car ownership and its use for commute trip. To do so, we make use of three individual capacity related factor variables, i.e., Factor 1: transport sensitive, Factor 2: attentive citizen, Factor 3: selective citizen, obtained by Factor analytic methods from thirteen attitudinal variables-individual importance ratings on general and transportation related issues. Underlying variables for both transport sensitive and attentive citizens receive positive weights from their respective factor variables; for selective citizens, five out of nine underlying variables received negative factor weights. We find significant effects of individual capacity on private car ownership and its usage for commute trips. However, the results are mixed for sustainable urban transportation policies. Transport sensitive and selective citizens are more inclined to own private cars, and use them (at least) for commute trips; only attentive citizens are found to have negative effects on both. These results are further discussed within the context of persuasive communication for capacity development in urban transportation.
掲載誌名
国際協力研究誌
14巻
3号
開始ページ
57
終了ページ
69
出版年月日
2008-03-31
出版者
広島大学大学院国際協力研究科
ISSN
1341-0903
NCID
SelfDOI
言語
英語
NII資源タイプ
紀要論文
広大資料タイプ
学内刊行物(紀要等)
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
著者版フラグ
publisher
部局名
国際協力研究科
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