Regulation of IL-8 by Irsogladine maleate is involved in abolishment of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans-induced reduction of gap-junctional intercellular communication
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gap-junctional intercellular communication
human gingival epithelial cells
Our previous report has shown that Irsogladine maleate (IM) counters and obviates the reduction in gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC) and the increase in IL-8 levels, respectively, induced by outer membrane protein 29 from Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans (A. actinomycetemcomitans) in cultured human gingival epithelial cells (HGEC). In addition, IM suppresses the increase in the secretion of IL-8 caused by whole live A. actinomycetemcomitans. These findings implicate the modulation of IL-8 levels by IM in abolishment of the reduction of GJIC in HGEC. Tight junctions are also responsible for cell-cell communication. Zonula occludens protein-1 (ZO-1) is a major tight junction protein. To investigate the regulatory mechanism of intercellular communication mediated by IM, in the present study, we focused on the involvement of IL-8 in A. actinomycetemcomitans-induced change in GJIC and ZO-1 expression in HGEC. IM countered the A. actinomycetemcomitans-induced reduction in levels of Connexin (CX) 43, suggesting that it could abolish the A. actinomycetemcomitans-induced reduction in GJIC in HGEC. CXCR-1 is a receptor of IL-8. The simultaneous addition of A. actinomycetemcomitans and anti-CXCR-1 antibody also abrogated the repression of GJIC and CX43 expression by A. actinomycetemcomitans in HGEC, although the anti-CXCR-1 antibody was less effective than IM. IM inhibited the IL-8-induced reduction in CX43 levels and GJIC in HGEC. IM countered the A. actinomycetemcomitans-induced reduction in the expression of ZO-1, although anti-CXCR-1 antibody did not influence the decrease in ZO-1 mRNA levels caused by A. actinomycetemcomitans. Furthermore, IL-8 had little effect on the mRNA levels of ZO-1. These findings suggest that IL-8 mediates the A. actinomycetemcomitans-induced reduction of GJIC and CX43 expression in HGEC. The regulation of IL-8 levels by IM in HGEC is partially involved in abrogation of the reduction of GJIC and CX43 expression by A. actinomycetemcomitans. Furthermore, the regulatory effect of
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