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ID 17226
本文ファイル
著者
Ashikaga, Arata
Kishimoto, Akiyoshi
Hirata, Reika
Kawaguchi, Hiroyuki
Shiba, Yoshiki
キーワード
Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans
IL-8
Irsogladine maleate
gap-junctional intercellular communication
human gingival epithelial cells
NDC
医学
抄録(英)
Our previous report has shown that Irsogladine maleate (IM) counters and obviates the reduction in gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC) and the increase in IL-8 levels, respectively, induced by outer membrane protein 29 from Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans (A. actinomycetemcomitans) in cultured human gingival epithelial cells (HGEC). In addition, IM suppresses the increase in the secretion of IL-8 caused by whole live A. actinomycetemcomitans. These findings implicate the modulation of IL-8 levels by IM in abolishment of the reduction of GJIC in HGEC. Tight junctions are also responsible for cell-cell communication. Zonula occludens protein-1 (ZO-1) is a major tight junction protein. To investigate the regulatory mechanism of intercellular communication mediated by IM, in the present study, we focused on the involvement of IL-8 in A. actinomycetemcomitans-induced change in GJIC and ZO-1 expression in HGEC. IM countered the A. actinomycetemcomitans-induced reduction in levels of Connexin (CX) 43, suggesting that it could abolish the A. actinomycetemcomitans-induced reduction in GJIC in HGEC. CXCR-1 is a receptor of IL-8. The simultaneous addition of A. actinomycetemcomitans and anti-CXCR-1 antibody also abrogated the repression of GJIC and CX43 expression by A. actinomycetemcomitans in HGEC, although the anti-CXCR-1 antibody was less effective than IM. IM inhibited the IL-8-induced reduction in CX43 levels and GJIC in HGEC. IM countered the A. actinomycetemcomitans-induced reduction in the expression of ZO-1, although anti-CXCR-1 antibody did not influence the decrease in ZO-1 mRNA levels caused by A. actinomycetemcomitans. Furthermore, IL-8 had little effect on the mRNA levels of ZO-1. These findings suggest that IL-8 mediates the A. actinomycetemcomitans-induced reduction of GJIC and CX43 expression in HGEC. The regulation of IL-8 levels by IM in HGEC is partially involved in abrogation of the reduction of GJIC and CX43 expression by A. actinomycetemcomitans. Furthermore, the regulatory effect of
掲載誌名
Cytokine
34巻
5-6号
開始ページ
271
終了ページ
277
出版年月日
2006-06
出版者
Elsevier Ltd.
ISSN
1043-4666
NCID
出版者DOI
PubMedID
言語
英語
NII資源タイプ
学術雑誌論文
広大資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
著者版フラグ
author
権利情報
Copyright (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd.
関連情報URL(IsVersionOf)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cyto.2006.06.002
部局名
医歯薬学総合研究科