Application of Compound Action Potential of Facial Muscles Evoked by Transcranial Stimulation as a Reference Waveform of Motor-evoked Potential in Spinal Surgery
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Yamaguchi, Satoshi 病院（医）
Facial nerve evoked potential
Transcranial electrical stimulation motor-evoked potential (TES-MEP) has been widely used to monitor major motor pathways in cranial and spinal surgeries. However, the results of TES-MEP might be strongly influenced by anesthetic agents and muscle relaxants. To compensate for this effect, a technique using compound muscle action potentials of the abductor pollicis brevis (APB-CMAP) evoked by median nerve stimulation has recently been reported. In this article, we adopted the transcranial electrical stimulation motor-evoked potential of facial muscles (TES-FMEP) instead of APB-CMAP as a reference waveform for compensation. Intraoperative monitoring in spinal surgeries using TES-MEP, TES-FMEP and APB-CMAP was performed in 64 patients. We compared with and without compensation methods using TES-FMEP and APB-CMAP to evaluate TES-MEP. The cases which demonstrated postoperative motor disturbance, including transient symptoms, were judged to be positive cases. Postoperative transient paraplegia was shown in one intramedullary tumor case among those 64 cases. Compensation by TES-FMEP exhibited t he highest specificity (90.5%) and lowest false-positive rate (9.5%) among the three compensation modalities when evaluated at 80% amplitude decrease. TES-FMEP, being derived from motor cortex stimulation, is not influenced by the original spinal lesion or surgical manipulation of the spine. Therefore, compensation using TES-FMEP is suitable for intraoperative monitoring during spinal surgery. The authors advocate TES-FMEP as a reference waveform for the compensation of intraoperative TES-MEP.
Hiroshima Journal of Medical Sciences
Hiroshima University Medical Press
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