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ID 46540
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別タイトル
The substantive value of the equal protection clause of the constitution
著者
井上 一洋 大学院社会科学研究科
NDC
法律
抄録(英)
The traditional concept of equality, which can be expressed as “equal things should be treated equally”, is said to be value-neutral. However, when a court makes some sort of value decision regarding a case related to equality, it must make its decision based on a substantive value whose existence has a basis in the constitution. That is to say, at the core of “equality under the law” in article 14 (1) of the Japanese constitution, there exists some kind of substantive value.
Therefore, in this study, first, I consider the assertion of Peter Westen that “equality is a value-neutral empty concept” as well as the assertion of Kenneth L. Karst that “the basic principle of equal citizen status” exists at the core of the equal protection clause of the U.S. constitution. I found that at the core of the equal protection clause of the U.S. constitution, as described by Karst, is a principle with substantive value: “equal respect to individual” members of society.
The substantive value of “equality under the law” in article 14 (1) of the Japanese constitution as a “principle” can be found in article 13, which seems to mean each individual has “dignity” and “should be respected equally as an individual”. This seems to match the substantive value of the aforementioned equality principle in the U.S. constitution cited by Karst. With such reflection, the substantive value of “equality under the law” in article 14 (1) in the Japanese constitution could be ultimately concluded to mean the principle of “dignity of individuals” and equal attention to individual personality value so as not to violate the dignity of individuals: i.e., a principle of “equality of personal value”.
掲載誌名
廣島法學
42巻
1号
開始ページ
234
終了ページ
216
出版年月日
2018-07-20
出版者
広島大学法学会
ISSN
0386-5010
NCID
言語
日本語
NII資源タイプ
紀要論文
広大資料タイプ
学内刊行物(紀要等)
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
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権利情報
許可なく複製・転載することを禁じる。
部局名
社会科学研究科
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