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ID 46823
本文ファイル
別タイトル
Perception, Speech, and Learning English by Native Japanese Speakers
著者
小田 真実
湯澤 正通 大学院教育学研究科 広大研究者総覧
キーワード
Second Language Learning
English
Listening
Speaking
第二言語学習
英語
リスニング
スピーキング
NDC
教育
抄録(英)
English education in Japan has been changing recently. While second-language teachers aim to help their students increase their English communication skills, Japanese English as a foreign language (EFL) learners tend to recognize their English skill as poor, especially in listening and speaking, which are important for English communication. This article reviewed why Japanese learning English tend to believe that they are not good at communicating in English. Working memory, i.e., verbal working memory, is important in listening to and understanding spoken English. However, the mora, which is a rhythmic unit in the Japanese language creates bigger cognitive loads on verbal working memory, which is the memory component involved in temporary information maintenance and processing. This is one reason that Japanese EFL learners do not have good listening ability in English. Another factor is that English speakers must pass through three steps; i.e., conceptualize, formulate, and articulate. However, these steps cause bigger cognitive loads on the verbal working memory in speaking English than in speaking the native language. Moreover, Japanese students feel more anxious when speaking the second language compared with reading, listening, and writing in the second language. Thus, the cognitive load may be one reason that Japanese EFL learners hesitate to speak English. However, we must consider these features of Japanese students in English listening and speaking to ensure that English education is more effective and improve Japanese English communication skills in Japan.
掲載誌名
広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第三部, 教育人間科学関連領域
67号
開始ページ
171
終了ページ
178
出版年月日
2018-12-21
出版者
広島大学大学院教育学研究科
ISSN
1346-5562
NCID
言語
日本語
NII資源タイプ
紀要論文
広大資料タイプ
学内刊行物(紀要等)
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
著者版フラグ
publisher
部局名
教育学研究科
他の一覧