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ID 42604
本文ファイル
別タイトル
Effect of discussions about picture books among a group of young children on their narrations
著者
小澤 郁美
徳永 美紀
湯澤 正通 大学院教育学研究科 広大研究者総覧
キーワード
narration
picture book
working memory
group activity
NDC
教育
抄録(英)
In this study, we investigated how discussions about picture books among a group of young children would affect their narrations about the picture books. Thirty 5-year-old children participated in this study. The children received a verbal working memory task that required them to compare two non-words given sequentially over a headset. They also engaged in an activity involving picture books under one of two conditions. First, a female adult read one of two picture books to groups of children. Second, they answered questions about the picture book individually (the non-group activity condition) or in a group (the group activity condition). Finally, they were required to narrate a story about the picture book they were shown. We divided participants’ narrations into idea units (IUs): there are six types of IUs (basic IUs, point IUs, sophisticated IUs, picture IUs, erroneous IUs, and other IUs). Two university students independently classified the IUs. The results show that the partial correlations between the scores of the verbal working memory task and point IUs (r = .40) and between verbal working memory and other IUs (r = −.40) were significant when controlling for age in terms of months. This finding suggested that children with better verbal working memory would understand the main points of the stories. Although children were significantly more likely to report three types of IUs in the group activity condition than in the non-group activity condition, the differences were mediated by the content of the picture books: one picture book was more likely to stimulate the group activities, which facilitated the children’s narrations.
内容記述
本論文は,第2著者の卒業研究に基づいている。
掲載誌名
広島大学心理学研究
16号
開始ページ
81
終了ページ
90
出版年月日
2017-03-31
出版者
広島大学大学院教育学研究科心理学講座
ISSN
1347-1619
NCID
言語
日本語
NII資源タイプ
紀要論文
広大資料タイプ
学内刊行物(紀要等)
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
著者版フラグ
publisher
部局名
教育学研究科
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