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ID 15039
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著者
Nishimura, Takuji
Hagita, Mariko
Saito, Mutsuo
キーワード
Mersenne Twister
non-secure random number generator
stream cipher
CryptMT
Fubuki
AES
NDC
数学
抄録(英)
We propose two stream ciphers based on a non-secure pseudorandom number generator (called the mother generator). The mother generator is here chosen to be the Mersenne Twister (MT), a widely used 32-bit integer generator having 19937 bits of internal state and period 2[19937]-1. One proposal is CryptMT, which computes the accumulative product of the output of MT, and use the most significant 8 bits as a secure random numbers. Its period is proved to be 2[19937] -1, and it is 1.5-2.0 times faster than the most optimized AES in counter-mode. The other proposal, named Fubuki, is designed to be usable also as a block cipher. It prepares nine different kinds of encryption functions (bijections from blocks to blocks), each of which takes a parameter. Fubuki encrypts a sequence of blocks(=a plain message) by applying these encryption functions iteratedly to each of the blocks. Both the combination of the functions and their parameters are pseudorandomly chosen by using its mother generator MT. The key and the initial value are passed to the initialization scheme of MT.
作成年月日
2005-07
言語
英語
NII資源タイプ
プレプリント
広大資料タイプ
プレプリント
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
著者版フラグ
author
部局名
理学研究科