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ID 38070
本文ファイル
別タイトル
The U.S. Involvement in the Asia Pacific : The Administrative History of Guam under the Naval Government
著者
NDC
平和学
抄録(英)
The U.S. military enjoys virtual extraterritoriality in its foreign military bases. Neither the U.S. Constitution, federal laws, nor the laws of the host countries are applied in them. This has caused "massive injustice" such as environmental destruction and human rights violations on a daily basis in the Asia Pacific region, where the U.S. deploys almost half of its military power.

This paper examines the case of Guam between 1899 and 1909 to explore the origins of military extraterritoriality for U.S. foreign military bases. During this period, the Department of the Navy battled with Congress for the power of taxation and land control of Guam. Secretaries of the Navy argued that since neither the Constitution nor the federal laws were applicable to the island, naval governors are entitled to exercise exclusive administering authority. Congress, on the other hand, tacitly allowed military administration by “forbearing” to make any legislation pertaining the island.

The paper finds that Guam's anomalous status made President, as a Commander-in-Chief, an absolute authority over the island. And the navy was delegated full authority by President, thus allowed to temporarily exercise authority while Congress does not take actions. It should be noted that Congressional omission has led to serious violation of rights of the residents of Guam
掲載誌名
広島平和科学
34巻
開始ページ
117
終了ページ
143
出版年月日
2012
出版者
広島大学平和科学研究センター
ISSN
0386-3565
NCID
言語
日本語
NII資源タイプ
紀要論文
広大資料タイプ
学内刊行物(紀要等)
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
applicarion/pdf
著者版フラグ
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権利情報
Copyright (c) 2012 広島大学平和科学研究センター
部局名
平和科学研究センター
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