このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加
ID 47104
本文ファイル
著者
Kobayashi, Hideo
Skaer, Peter M. 大学院総合科学研究科 広大研究者総覧
キーワード
Optimality Theory
reduplication
Place Markedness Hierarchy
articulatory cost
NDC
英語
抄録(英)
This paper addresses issues regarding the constraint ranking for the unmarked English rhyming and ablaut reduplicants in Optimality Theory or OT (Prince & Smolensky 1993/2004). By studying English reduplication in current use, we consider not only the formal rigor of OT in accounting for the most unmarked grammatical output, but also its weaknesses in accounting for the correct outputs with a varying degree of unmarkedness in terms of Place Markedness Hierarchy (PMH, hereafter) (Lombardi 2001). The constraint argument which we put forward is met with an expected success in accounting for the onset [t] in the rhyming reduplicant, but the grammatical outputs with the [p] and the [k] remain unaccounted for. The use of [w] for the rhyming reduplicative onset may be characterized as the unmarked form in terms of a composite notion of articulatory cost (Skaer 2005), which builds on Kirchner (1998; 2001)’s analysis of aperture. Additionally, Occam’s razor, coupled with the notion of articulatory cost, leads us to suggest an alternative constraint argument to Minkova (2002)’s approach to accounting for the use of [æ] in the most common English ablaut reduplicative words.
内容記述
This paper builds directly on Kobayashi (2015) and two independent presentations given by the first author at the 2015 Joint International Conference held at Chugnam National University in South Korea on October 24th and the 16th Annual Conference of the French Phonology Conference at Centre National de Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) in Paris, France on June 27th, 2018.
掲載誌名
広島大学大学院総合科学研究科紀要. I, 人間科学研究
13巻
開始ページ
1
終了ページ
21
出版年月日
2018-12-31
出版者
広島大学大学院総合科学研究科
ISSN
1881-7688
NCID
言語
英語
NII資源タイプ
紀要論文
広大資料タイプ
学内刊行物(紀要等)
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
著者版フラグ
publisher
権利情報
掲載された論文,研究ノート,要旨などの出版権・著作権は広島大学大学院総合科学研究科に帰属する。
Copyright (c) 2018 Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences, Hiroshima University, All rights reserved.
部局名
総合科学研究科
他の一覧