Albumin Permeability Across Endothelial Cell Monolayer Exposed to Reactive Oxygen Intermediates : Involvement of Reversible Functional Alteration of the Cell Membrane Ca2+ Channels
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Reactive oxygen intermediates
This study was designed to test the idea that the redox state of sulfhydryl (SH)-groups in cell-membrane Ca2+ channels plays a pivotal role in Ca2+ influx, which in turn causes an increase in albumin permeability across the cultured monolayer of porcine pulmonary artery endothelial (PPAE) cells exposed to xanthine/xanthine oxidase (X/XO). Albumin permeability as well as the concentration of intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) was increased by X/XO. A H202 scavenger (catalase), an iron chelator (o-phenanthroline), and a hydroxyl radical scavenger (dimethyl sulfoxide) inhibited these changes provoked by X/XO, in which intracellular iron-catalyzed hydroxyl radical generation was suggested to be involved. The increase in albumin permeability and [Ca2+]i continued once the PPAE cells were exposed to X/XO. The [Ca2+]i was decreased by a Ca2+ channel blocker, Ni2+, while the removal of Ni2+ increased [Ca2+]i again, suggesting the sustained Ca2+ influx through cell-membrane Ca2+ channels was responsible for the [Ca2+]i elevation. Ni2+ failed to inhibit albumin permeability sustained after the removal of X/XO. In contrast, SH-reducing agents (dithiothreitol and glutathione) inhibited the sustained permeability as well as Ca2+ influx. We concluded that the redox alteration of SH-groups in cell-membrane Ca2+ channels was involved in the increase in albumin permeability after exposure of the endothelial cells to oxidative stress.
This study was supported in part by a Grant-in-aid for Scientific Research from the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture of Japan (No. 09771160).
Hiroshima Journal of Medical Sciences
Hiroshima University Medical Press