広島大学大学院総合科学研究科紀要. III, 文明科学研究 13巻
2018-12-31 発行

オーストラリアにおける先住民の「失業手当のための労働」プログラムへの対応に関する一考察

Study on the Response of Indigenous People to the Australian “Work for the Dole” Program
栗田 梨津子 大学院総合科学研究科 広大研究者総覧
本文ファイル
抄録
This study examines the response of urban Indigenous people to work-based welfare or workfare, referred to as the “Work for the Dole” program, introduced by the Australian government in the late 1990s. Although the commonality between the program’s concept of ‘mutual obligation’ and the culture of ‘reciprocity’ in Indigenous societies has been highlighted, the latter involved mutual obligation among members of specific communities, whereas the former assumed such an obligation to link Indigenous individuals with anonymous taxpayers.
According to case studies, Indigenous people, after working in the mainstream labor market, often sought employment that could contribute to the Aboriginal or non-Aboriginal communities in which they were raised, as a means of establishing relations based on mutual help. Although giving back to the community is considered a form of work or a ‘way of living’ by some Aboriginal people, it is not consistent with either the government’s concept of ‘work’ or the original intention of the workfare program.
内容記述
本稿は、平成26~29年度日本学術振興会科学研究費補助金(若手研究(B)、研究代表者 栗田梨津子、研究課題「オーストラリア多文化主義下の先住民とスーダン難民の緊張関係をめぐる人類学的研究」、課題番号(26770300)の助成による研究成果の一部である。
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