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ID 27175
本文ファイル
別タイトル
Intuitive and logical understanding for probability judgment problem : Effect of instructive interventions for "three prisoners problem"
著者
南 学
キーワード
intuitive probability judgment
intuitive understanding
logical understanding
three prisoners problem
NDC
心理学
教育
抄録(英)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the facilitative factors for understanding "three prisoners problem (Ichikawa, 1988)". Ichikawa (1988) suggested that the difficulty of the problem arised from the conflict between the normative answer and intuitive judgment based on the subjective theorems. In his explanation, two levels of understanding were postulated. One is an intuitive understanding, and the other is a logical understanding. In this study, therefore, two different operations for facilitating these two levels of understanding were conducted. One was to ask a question supposed to guide the subjects to intuitive understanding, and the other was to explain how to solve the problem by presenting the Bayesian theorem or by presenting the isomorphic schematic representation proposed by Ichikawa (1989). The results indicated that both the guided question and the logical explanations facilitated the rated scores of understanding, and the logical explanations facilitated the percentages of correct responses in the transfer problems, whereas the guided question did not facilitate them. These findings were discussed in terms of the function of the subjective theorems in probability judgment.
掲載誌名
広島大学教育学部紀要. 第一部, 心理学
46号
開始ページ
49
終了ページ
57
出版年月日
1998-03-13
出版者
広島大学教育学部
ISSN
0919-8652
NCID
SelfDOI
言語
日本語
NII資源タイプ
紀要論文
広大資料タイプ
学内刊行物(紀要等)
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
著者版フラグ
publisher
部局名
教育学研究科
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