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ID 28648
file
title alternative
Variability of the Language Games of Expressing Sensations : Focusing on Wittgenstein's "Private Language" Argument
creator
Hirata, Yoshitsugu
subject
Private Language argument
First Person Authority
Third Person Norm
discrepancy
variability
「私的言語」論
一人称権威
三人称規範
矛盾
可変性
NDC
Western philosophy
abstract
The purpose of this paper is, by focusing on Wittgenstein's "Private Language" argument, to demonstrate that Wittgenstein's philosophy does not approve of conformism. Philosophers of education have studied Wittgenstein's philosophy in terms of Wittgenstein' s Rule Following Considerations. According to these studies, education as initiation into a language game is that educators train learners to imitate those who follow established rules; Wittgenstein's philosophy approves of conformism. However, these studies failed to see the significance of Wittgenstein's "Private Language" argument because they have given much attention to Wittgenstein's Rule Following Considerations. His argument points out two kinds of rules: the First Person Authority and the Third Person Norm, and indicates the possibility of discrepancy between them. In dissolving the discrepancy, the First Person Authority and the Third Person Norm can alter each other gradually. This alteration suggests variability of the language games in expressing sensations. His argument clarifies the possibilities of the variability. Education as initiation into a language game is training learners not to imitate those who follow established rules, but to become members who share the varying processes of language games with others.
journal title
Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part 3, Education and human science
issue
Issue 58
start page
97
end page
106
date of issued
2009-12-25
publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科
issn
1346-5562
ncid
SelfDOI
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Education
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