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ID 47521
file
title alternative
Decision-making and Faculty Collegiality in Japanese Universities
creator
Amano, Tomomi
abstract
A recent reform of Japanese university governance has aimed to clarify the authority of the faculty senate, indicating that the faculty senate can deliberate on only teaching and learning matters. However, such a trend should be considered from the perspective of its impact on faculty collegiality. Faulty collegiality encompasses both a governance system and a sense of community. Both considered to be imperative to organizational effectiveness. In this paper I propose to look at the relation the extent of the faculty senate’s authority and the level of faculty collegiality. Analysis of data gathered from faculty members in 23 universities showed the following results.
First, to develop faculty collegiality as a governance system, the faculty senate should have the power to decide “academic matters,” including choosing new faculty, making faculty promotion and tenure decisions, setting admission standards for undergraduate students, and approving new academic programs. On the other hand, there was no need that the faculty senate had the power to decide on issues related to “evaluation” and “budget.” The former included evaluating teaching, research, etc., while the latter included determining budget priorities, selecting key administrators, and determining the overall teaching load of faculty.
Second, there was no relationship between the power of the senate and faculty collegiality as a sense of community.
The above results were the group level effect (between level effect). That means the effects mentioned above come from the organizational structure of each university. On the other hand, the individual effect (within level effect) was also considered in this paper.
journal title
Daigaku ronshu: Research in higher education
issue
Issue 51
start page
65
end page
78
date of issued
2019-03
publisher
広島大学高等教育研究開発センター
issn
0302-0142
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2019 by Author
department
Research Institute for Higher Education
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