Music Education in the Philippines: Examining the Transition to the K to 12 Curriculum
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In 2011, the Philippines shifted from a 10-year basic education curriculum to a 13-year enhanced basic education curriculum called the K to 12 curriculum. Mandatory kindergarten, mother tongue-based multilingual education, and 2-year senior high school education were introduced in this curriculum reform. Key changes introduced by the reforms included the introduction of music as a regular subject starting at Grade 1 and continuing until Grade 10, and the introduction of the senior high school arts and design track, which is a preparation track for future careers or higher music education endeavors. The current research presents the structure and current situation of formal music education in the K to 12 curriculum in comparison with the basic education curriculum of 2002 in terms of time in the classroom and curricula structure, mode of language instruction, and content.
Bulletin of music culture education
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Departmental Bulletin Paper
Departmental Bulletin Papers
Graduate School of Education