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ID 15036
file
creator
Nishimura, Takuji
subject
Random number generation
Fourier transform
Statistical test
NDC
Statistics
abstract
We introduce a non-empirical test on pseudorandom number generators (prng), named sum-discrepancy test. We compute the distribution of the sum of consecutive m outputs of a prng to be tested, under the assumption that the initial state is uniformly randomly chosen. We measure its discrepancy from the ideal distribution, and then estimate the sample size which is necessary to reject the generator. These tests are effective to detect the structure of the outputs of multiple recursive generators with small coefficients, in particular that of lagged Fibonacci generators such as random() in BSD-C library, as well as add-with-carry and subtract-with-borrow generators like RCARRY. The tests show that these generators will be rejected if the sample size is of order 106. We tailor the test to generators with a discarding procedure, such as ran_array and RANLUX, and exhibit empirical results. It is shown that ran_array with half of the output discarded is rejected if the sample size is of the order of 4×1010. RANLUX with luxury level 1 (i.e. half of the output discarded) is rejected if the sample size is of the order of 2×108, and RANLUX with luxury level 2 (i.e. roughly 3/4 is discarded) will be rejected for the sample size of the order of 2.4×1018. In our previous work, we have dealt with the distribution of the Hamming weight function using discrete Fourier analysis. In this work, we replace the Hamming weight with the continuous sum, using a classical Fourier analysis, i.e. Poisson's summation formula and Levy's inversion formula.
journal title
Mathematics and Computers in Simulation
volume
Volume 62
issue
Issue 3-6
start page
431
end page
442
date of issued
2003-03
publisher
Elsevier Science
issn
0378-4754
ncid
publisher doi
language
eng
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
author
rights
Copyright (c) 2003 Elsevier Science
relation is version of URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4754(02)00227-6
department
Graduate School of Science