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ID 21539
file
creator
Sato, Yuichiro
Okuyama, Satomi
NDC
Botany
abstract
The primary structure of a lectin,designated OAA, isolated from thefreshwater cyanobacterium, Oscillatoriaagardhii NIES-204, was determined by thecombination of Edman degradation andESI-mass spectrometry. OAA is apolypeptide (MW 13,925) consisting of twotandem repeats. Interestingly, each repeatsequence of OAA showed a high degree ofsimilarity to those of a myxobacterium,Myxococcus xanthus hemagglutinin(MBHA), and a marine red alga Eucheumaserra lectin (ESA-2). A systematic bindingassay with pyridylaminated oligosaccharidesrevealed that OAA exclusively binds to highmannose (HM) type N-glycans, but not toother N-glycans, including complex types,hybrid types and the pentasaccharide core,or oligosaccharides from glycolipids. OAAdid not interact with any of free mono-andoligomannoses that are constituents of thebranched oligomannosides. These resultssuggest that the core disaccharide, GlcNAc-GlcNAc, is also essential for binding to OAA.The binding activity of OAA to HMtype N-glycanswas dramatically decreased whenα1-2 Man was attached to α1-3 Manbranched from the α1-6 Man of thepentasaccharide core. This specificity ofOAA for HM type oligosaccharides isdistinct from other HM-binding lectins.Kinetic analysis with an HMheptasaccharide revealed that OAApossesses two carbohydrate-binding sitesper molecule, with an association constant of2.41×10^8M^-1. Furthermore, OAA potentlyinhibits HIV replication in MT-4 cells(EC50=44.5 nM). Thus, we have found anovel lectin family sharing similar structureand carbohydrate binding specificity amongbacteria, cyanobacteria, and marine algae.
journal title
Journal of Biological Chemistry
volume
Volume 282
issue
Issue 15
start page
11021
end page
11029
date of issued
2007-04-13
publisher
The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
issn
0021-9258
ncid
publisher doi
language
eng
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
author
rights
Copyright (c) 2007 by the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
relation url
department
Graduate School of Biosphere Science