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ID 28586
file
title alternative
Presentation Methods of Example Sentences in Learning of Unknown Words
creator
Kiriki, Kenshi
Iha, Nozomi
subject
learning of unknown words
prior knowledge
priming effects
未知の語の学習
既有知識
プライミング効果
NDC
Education
abstract
An experiment was conducted to investigate the process that new information was being set into prior knowledge through learning of unknown words. Participants were presented twelve unknown words of Uchinaaguchi (Okinawan dialect of Japanese language) and learned their meanings by reading corresponded Japanese common words and example sentences (in four sessions). Half of participants were presented single example sentence for each word repeatedly three times (1-sentence condition) and the others were presented three different example sentences for each word (3-sentence condition). After each learning session, priming tasks (lexical decisions with Uchinaaguchi words as primes and common words as targets) were performed. Priming effects for semantically related (SR) word pairs were found only in 1-sentence condition, which indicated that repeating same context could strengthen the links between old and new information in the semantic network. However, results of recognition tests, which followed the last learning session, showed inhibitory effects on RTs in both 1- and 3-sentence condition. The results implied that there were some effects of learning even in 3-sentence condition.
journal title
Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part 1, Learning and curriculum development
issue
Issue 58
start page
169
end page
173
date of issued
2009-12-25
publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科
issn
1346-5546
ncid
SelfDOI
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Education
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