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ID 27695
file
creator
Tsukada, Hironobu
Maekawa, Toshiro
Fujimoto, Yoshifumi
Takahash, Hiroshi
Kumada, Hiromitsu
Kamatani, Naoyuki
Nakamura, Yusuke
abstract
Background & Aims: This study aimed to identify host single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that are associated with the efficacy of interferon (IFN) therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis C. Methods: We examined whether 116 tagging-SNPs from 13 genes that are involved in type I IFN signaling associate with the outcome of IFN therapy in Japanese case-control groups; the study included 468 sustained responders and 587 nonresponders. Results: We identified 2 SNPs (rs3792323 [A/T] and rs616589 [G/A]), located in intron 2 of mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase 3 (MAPKAIPK3) that were associated with the outcome of IFN therapy in patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1b (P = 4.6 X 10(-5) and 4.8 X 10(-5), respectively). The 2 SNPs were in strong linkage disequilibrium and multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that rs3792323 is an independent factor associated with the IFN efficacy (genotype 1b; P =.0011). MAPKAPK3 is a kinase involved in the mitogen and stress responses, but the biological significance of MAPKAPK3 in IFN responses is poorly understood. By using an allele-specific transcript quantification assay in liver biopsy, we showed that allelespecific expression of MAPKAPK3 messenger RNA, corresponding to the risk allele for nonresponse, was significantly higher than that of the other allele. Luciferase reporter assay data indicated that overexpression of MAPKAPK3 inhibits IFN-alfa-induced gene transcription via IFN-stimulated response element and IFN gamma-activated site. Conclusions: The SNP rs3792323 in MAPKAPK3 associates with the outcome of IFN therapy in patients with HCV genotype 1b. Our functional analyses indicate that MAPKAPK3 inhibits IFN-alfa-induced antiviral activity.
journal title
Gastroenterology
volume
Volume 136
issue
Issue 5
start page
1796
end page
1805
date of issued
2009
publisher
W B Saunders Co-Elesvier Inc
issn
0016-5085
ncid
publisher doi
language
eng
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
author
rights
Copyright (c) 2009 AGA Institute Published by Elsevier Inc.
relation url
department
Graduate School of Biomedical Science