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ID 16367
file
title alternative
Urban and Industrial Impacts on Rural India : A Case Study of Suburban Village in Delhi Metropolitan Area
creator
Minamino, Takeshi
subject
インド農村
都市化
工業化
カースト
デリー大都市圏
rural India
urbanization
industrialization
caste
Delhi Metropolitan Area
NDC
General geography. Description and travel
abstract
The urbanization and industrialization in India has progressed rapidly since the opening policy of the economy started. The industrialization has made great impacts on rural Indian villages, particularly on their social structure and stratification. The purpose of this study is to reveal the influences of the urbanization and industrialization on rural villages in India. It focuses on the economic aspect as well as the demographic, politic, administrative and social aspects of the change, based on the result of census survey and intensive survey carried out in 1997. The caste system is taken as a criterion to analyze this effect. R. village in the Gotama Buddha Nagar District, Utter Pradesh, is chosen as a sample village. This village is multi-caste society, consisting with wide range of caste classes from general castes to the Schedule Castes. During the 1950's and 60's, R village was still underdeveloped in spite of the condition that it was closed to Delhi, the capital of India. The Yamuna River, flowing between this village and Delhi, often flooded by the monsoon rain, and it gave serious damages to the village. The Green Revolution encouraged by the government was being spread around this area at the end of the 60's, but the village was unable to receive its effect because of the frequent floods. However, in the 70's, there was a turning point in that situation. Firstly, an embankment was constructed along the Yamuna River. This made possible for the village to accept the Green Revolution; soon, well irrigation was made and High Yield Varieties were planted. Secondly, the construction of NOIDA (New Okhla Industrial Development Authority), one of the biggest industrial estates in Utter Pradesh, began in 1977. This brought job opportunities to the lower caste villagers who had had no option except doing agricultural laborwork or craftman-work under the jajmani system. In the 80's, the opportunities of getting jobs in NOIDA increased. One of the government policies against the social inequality called the Rese
journal title
Annual Report of Research Center for Regional Geography
issue
Issue 8
start page
87
end page
119
date of issued
1999-03
publisher
広島大学総合地誌研究資料センター
issn
0915-5449
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Hiroshima University Museum
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