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ID 45664
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title alternative
A study for the Process of Make a Political and Social Issue of the Japanese Scholarship System: From the Viewpoint of Social Constructionism
creator
Shirakawa, Yuji
NDC
Education
abstract
This paper seeks to reveal the process by which the scholarship system in Japan became a political and social issue. In 2017, the new national grant scholarship program for university students was approved by the Diet. This was an historical change of the national scholarship system because it had consisted of only loan programs since it was established more than 70 years earlier. This research uses the method of social constructionism and analyzes 22,008 articles from the 5 national newspapers between 2004 and 2017. After classifying the objects, it became evident that social and political views of the scholarship system had several shifts during the previous 14 years.
Before the decade of the 2010s, the Ministry of Finance and the Board of Audit criticized the Japan Student Services Organization (JASSO), the administrative agency of national scholarship system, about increasing the delay of student loan repayments. This was a widely debated point at that time. Therefore, JASSO introduced a new and a more stringent policy and administration for loan scholarship system.
After in decade of the 2010s, national newspapers criticized JASSO’s new collection policy from the perspective of young, low income university graduates and the structural problem of a loan only scholarship system, Newspapers also repeatedly reported on social practices for loan repayment relief for the recent graduates, repayment of their loans. This constructed social view points at that time.
In 2016, an election of the House Councilors was held, and it was the first time after extension of the suffrage to 18 and 19 years old youth. In the election, all political parties insisted on the need for a new grant scholarship program. The scholarship system was constructed as a political view point at that time.
The historical change in national scholarship was realized by these shifts of social and political view points.
description
本研究は,日本学術振興会科学研究費(課題番号15K04346)による研究成果の一部である。
journal title
Daigaku ronshu: Research in higher education
issue
Issue 50
start page
33
end page
48
date of issued
2018-03
publisher
広島大学高等教育研究開発センター
issn
0302-0142
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2018 by Author
department
Research Institute for Higher Education
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