このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加
ID 46823
file
title alternative
Perception, Speech, and Learning English by Native Japanese Speakers
creator
Oda, Mami
subject
Second Language Learning
English
Listening
Speaking
第二言語学習
英語
リスニング
スピーキング
NDC
Education
abstract
English education in Japan has been changing recently. While second-language teachers aim to help their students increase their English communication skills, Japanese English as a foreign language (EFL) learners tend to recognize their English skill as poor, especially in listening and speaking, which are important for English communication. This article reviewed why Japanese learning English tend to believe that they are not good at communicating in English. Working memory, i.e., verbal working memory, is important in listening to and understanding spoken English. However, the mora, which is a rhythmic unit in the Japanese language creates bigger cognitive loads on verbal working memory, which is the memory component involved in temporary information maintenance and processing. This is one reason that Japanese EFL learners do not have good listening ability in English. Another factor is that English speakers must pass through three steps; i.e., conceptualize, formulate, and articulate. However, these steps cause bigger cognitive loads on the verbal working memory in speaking English than in speaking the native language. Moreover, Japanese students feel more anxious when speaking the second language compared with reading, listening, and writing in the second language. Thus, the cognitive load may be one reason that Japanese EFL learners hesitate to speak English. However, we must consider these features of Japanese students in English listening and speaking to ensure that English education is more effective and improve Japanese English communication skills in Japan.
journal title
Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part 3, Education and human science
issue
Issue 67
start page
171
end page
178
date of issued
2018-12-21
publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科
issn
1346-5562
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Education
他の一覧