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ID 41654
file
title alternative
The Effect of Differences in the Sense of Freedom on the Corresponding Differences in the Well-being of Japanese and American Populations : A study using the World Values Survey datasets
creator
Nakazato, Naoki
subject
Well-being
Life Satisfaction
Sense of Freedom
World Values Survey
人生満足度
自由選択の感覚
世界価値観調査
NDC
Society
abstract
The current study examined whether differences in the sense of freedom explain the differences in the levels of well-being between Japanese and American populations across several decades (1981–2011). A series of mediation analyses were conducted on five individual waves of datasets from the World Values Survey. Meta-analyses were also employed to examine the summary indirect and total effects across waves from the country dummy variable to life satisfaction judgments via the sense of freedom. The final sample consisted of 5534 Japanese and 6176 American respondents across all study periods. The main findings were that (a) indirect effects via the sense of freedom largely contributed to the difference in life satisfaction judgments between Japan and the United States on all waves, and (b) summary effect sizes across waves estimated by meta-analyses also supported these findings, although the results showed some systematic between-wave variability in indirect and total effects. In conclusion, Japanese people exhibited lower levels of well-being across time, mainly due to their lower levels of sense of freedom compared with American people.
description
本研究はJSPS科研費JP16J02538の助成を受けたものである。
なお,本研究の一部は,日本社会心理学会第57回大会において発表した。
journal title
Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part 3, Education and human science
issue
Issue 65
start page
101
end page
110
date of issued
2016-12-22
publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科
issn
1346-5562
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Education
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