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ID 18512
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title alternative
Mao Zedong's Educational Ideas and Undergraduate Curriculum Reform during the Cultural Revolution : The Case of Peking University
creator
Chen, Xin
subject
毛沢東
文革期
カリキュラム改革
北京大学
Mao Zedong
undergraduate curriculum reform
the Cultural Revolution
Peking University
NDC
Education
abstract
The Cultural Revolution is unique in China in the 20^<th> century. The history of contemporary China has been generally divided by the Cultural Revolution which is being treated as a particular and independent period. The Cultural Revolution has been thoroughly denounced as "Ten Years of Chaos" because it had brought about disastrous social changes. However, many of the educational problems in present China, such as examination-oriented education, over-emphasis on textbook knowledge, heavy homework burden for students, and their isolation from the society, are the problems that had been severely criticized and had been attempted to reduce or remove during the Cultural Revolution. The purpose of this paper is to study the undergraduate curriculum reform and to clarify its characteristics during the Cultural Revolution. It first examines Mao Zedong's social ideas and educational thoughts during the Cultural Revolution. Then, with a case study on Peking University, it explores the higher education reforms focusing on enrollment and administration systems, and investigates curriculum reform in the fields of arts and science respectively. Finally, it summarizes the main characteristics of the undergraduate curriculum during the Cultural Revolution.
journal title
Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part. Ⅲ, Education and Human Science
issue
Issue 53
start page
133
end page
142
date of issued
2005-03-28
publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科
国立情報学研究所
issn
1346-5562
ncid
SelfDOI
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Education
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