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ID 39467
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title alternative
Improving method of listener monitoring by elucidator in the face-to-face explanation
creator
Tanaka, Hikaru
Yamane, Takashi
Akamatsu, Satomi
Namba, Shushi
Hihara, Shogo
subject
education method
explanation
communication
meta-cognition
monitoring
NDC
Psychology
abstract
In this study, we have developed teaching methods to improve transmission efficiency of messages in face-to-face explanation. In the current school education system, to improve communication skills of students, the opportunities for students to carry out group work and class presentations are increasing. In general, imparting information is easier with face-to-face communication than in the situations where one cannot see the face of the listener. However, in face-to-face communication, it has been reported that it is possible that the degree of understanding has been overestimated, based on the face of listener. Therefore, it is considered that the efficiency of communication improves by directly asking the degree of the listener's understanding, regardless of the listener's face. In this paper, we used a task which listener draws a geometric figure by listening elucidator's verbal explanation and studied teaching methods improving the metacognitive monitoring of elucidator, especially confirmation to the listener. In the experiment, participants were divided into two groups. One group performed reflection of their explanations by using the checklist for metacognitive monitoring after explaining, and repeating the explanation. Another group repeated explanations without reflection of their explanations. We compared the two groups about their frequency of confirmation to the listener in the second explanation. As a result, the frequency of confirmation increased with reflection with the checklist. This result suggested that using the checklist as a teaching method is effective for improving the efficiency of communication.
journal title
Hiroshima Psychological Research
issue
Issue 15
start page
81
end page
92
date of issued
2016-03-31
publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科心理学講座
issn
1347-1619
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Education
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