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ID 36973
file
creator
Sasaki, Joyo
subject
inverted-U model
speed
strength
NDC
Psychology
abstract
In this study, we examined the influence of psychological pressure on the psychological, physiological, and behavioral aspects as well as performance in a sprint start. Fourteen university sprinters performed six 20-m sprint trials; three trials each in non-pressure and pressure conditions. The pressure was induced by the instruction of a cash reward for better performance, the threat of having to repeat the experiment in the event of worse performance, and evaluation of the sprint movement by biomechanics researchers. The visual analog scale (VAS), heart rate (HR), kinematic variables, and 20-m time were measured. Data analyses showed that the VAS and HR increased mildly by the pressure instruction. Significant negative correlations were observed between changes in HR and 20-m time and between changes in the 20-m time and maximum angular velocity of the knee joint. A significant positive correlation was observed between changes in HR and the maximum angular velocity of the knee joint. These results indicate that changes in physiological arousal and movement velocity induced by mild psychological pressure played a significant role in the sprint performance.
journal title
Bulletin of the Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences, Hiroshima University. I, Studies in human sciences
volume
Volume 9
start page
1
end page
8
date of issued
2014-12-31
publisher
広島大学大学院総合科学研究科
issn
1881-7688
ncid
language
eng
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2014 by Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences, Hiroshima University All rights reserved
department
Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences
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