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ID 32151
file
title alternative
Qualitative research on the mechanism of choking under pressure
creator
Murayama, Takayuki
Tanaka, Yoshifumi
subject
grounded-theory approach
safe strategy
changes in perception and motor control
physical fatigue
vicious circle of choking
グラウンデッドセオリーアプローチ
安全性重視方略
知覚運動制御の変化
身体的疲労
「あがり」の悪循環
NDC
Sports and physical training
abstract
The objective of this study was to propose an inductive model for the process of choking under pressure by qualitatively investigating factors related to choking and their relationships. Thirteen athletes (M=7, F=6) on the varsity in soft tennis, football, basketball, badminton, and archery teams participated in a semi-structured interview in which questions concerning the conditions, symptoms, causes, coping strategies, and social support for choking were asked for approximately one hour. The verbal protocols from the interview were analyzed by a Grounded-Theory Approach (GTA). The results of the GTA produced a model consisting of the following 13 categories: (1) stressor, (2) pre-competition condition, (3) individual characteristics, (4) irrational belief, (5) negative affect, (6) safe strategy, (7) verbal and behavioral changes, (8) activation of physiological arousal level, (9) physical fatigue, (10) changes in perception and motor control, (11) performance decrements, (12) coping strategy, and (13) vicious circle.

This model emphasizes the categories of safe strategy, changes in perception and motor control, and physical fatigue, which are directly related to decrements in performance. In addition, the model points out the importance of the vicious circle of choking. Hypotheses proposed to explain the choking phenomenon in previous studies, such as those involving conscious control and processing resource shortages, focused on attentional changes. It is, however, necessary to consider other factors as well, such as the strategy, perceptual and movement characteristics, physical fatigue, and circulatory process in order to understand the mechanism of choking.
journal title
体育學研究
volume
Volume 54
issue
Issue 2
start page
263
end page
277
date of issued
2009-12
publisher
日本体育学会
issn
0484-6710
ncid
publisher doi
language
jpn
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2010 社団法人 日本体育学会
この論文の著作権は(社)日本体育学会に帰属します
relation is version of URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.5432/jjpehss.a540202
department
Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences
Graduate School of Biosphere Science