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ID 32146
file
creator
Tanaka, Yoshifumi
subject
stress
attention
arousal
kinematics
electromyogram
NDC
Sports and physical training
abstract
The first purpose of this study was to examine relationships between psychological/physiological and behavioral variables when participants are placed under pressure in a golf-putting task. The second purpose was to examine the relationships between psychological/physiological variables and performance. Sixteen male novices performed 150 acquisition trials, followed by 10 test trials under pressure induced by performance-contingent distractors: a cash reward or a punishment. Following test trials, each participant answered a questionnaire concerning attentional focus, including self-reports of conscious movement control and effects of the distractors. Results indicated successful stress induction indexed by significant increases in state anxiety, negative emotions, and heart rate under pressure. The step-wise multiple regression analyses showed that attention to distractors decreased movement displacements of both the golf club and the participant's right elbow in the follow-through phase. Also during a back-swing, the movement speed of both the club and of a participant's elbow were more likely to increase with those participants whose heart rate increased under pressure. The other multiple-regression analysis showed that the participants who reported increased conscious control of movements under pressure exhibited a greater variability in the terminal locations of their putted balls. Previous studies concerning the conscious processing hypothesis and the distraction hypothesis have suggested that two types of changes in attention cause poor performance under pressure. The findings of this study indicate that under pressure both types of attention shifts were shown to be associated with poor performance or with kinematic changes during golf-putting. In addition, it can be assumed that physiological emotional responses are also associated with kinematic changes under pressure.
description
平成23年度日本体育学会奨励賞受賞論文
journal title
International journal of sport and health science
volume
Volume 8
start page
83
end page
94
date of issued
2010
publisher
Japan Society of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences
日本体育学会
issn
1348-1509
publisher doi
language
eng
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2010 Japan Society of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences
この論文の著作権は(社)日本体育学会に帰属します
relation is version of URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.5432/ijshs.20100006
department
Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences