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ID 32185
file
creator
Kishimoto, Akiyoshi
Hayashida, Kouichi
Kawaguchi, Hiroyuki
Abiko, Yoshimitsu
subject
Irsogladine maleate
Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans
E-cadherin
Neutrophil migration
CXC-chemokine
Gingival epithelial cells
NDC
Medical sciences
abstract
Irsogladine maleate (IM) counters Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans-induced reduction of the gap junction intercellular communication and the expression of zonula occludens-1, which is a major tight junction structured protein, in cultured human gingival epithelial cells (HGEC). In addition, IM obviates the A. actinomycetemcomitans-induced increase in interleukin (IL)-8 levels in HGEC. Thus, by regulating the intercellular junctional complex and chemokine secretion in HGEC, IM may be useful to prevent periodontal disease. To clarify the effects and regulatory mechanism of IM in vivo and in vitro, we examined the expression of E-cadherin and neutrophil chemotaxis induced by A. actinomycetemcomitans under IM pretreatment. Immunohistochemical studies revealed that A. actinomycetemcomitans application to the gingival sulcus decreased the number of cells positive for E-cadherin and increased those positive for cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant-2α (CINC-2α) in rat gingival epithelium.

However, in IM-pretreated rats, A. actinomycetemcomitans application had little effect on CINC-2α and E-cadherin in gingival epithelium. In cultured HGEC, real-time PCR and Western blotting showed that IM and the ERK inhibitor PD98059 abolished the A. actinomycetemcomitans-induced increase in CXCL-1 and IL-8 in HGEC. On the other hand, IM, PD98059, and the p38 MAP kinase inhibitor SB203580 recovered the decrease in E-cadherin expression. In addition, conditioned medium from A. actinomycetemcomitans-stimulated HGEC enhanced human neutrophil chemotaxis, compared to that from un-stimulated HGEC or that from A. actinomycetemcomitans-stimulated HGEC under IM pretreatment. Furthermore, IM down-regulated the p38 MAP kinase and ERK phosphorylations induced by A. actinomycetemcomitans. In conclusion, IM may control A. actinomycetemcomitans-induced gingival inflammation by regulating neutrophil migration and E-cadherin expression in gingival epithelium.
description
第23回歯科基礎医学会賞受賞論文
journal title
Biochemical pharmacology
volume
Volume 79
issue
Issue 10
start page
1496
end page
1505
date of issued
2010-05
publisher
Elsevier
issn
0006-2952
ncid
publisher doi
language
eng
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
author
rights
Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Inc.
relation is version of URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bcp.2010.01.017
department
Graduate School of Biomedical Science